The history of Myanmar dates back to 3,000 B.C. when the Mon people settled the region. Much later, roughly 628 AD, the Pyu civilization established a capitol in the neighborhood of modern-day Prome. The region of Myanmar became a unified state throughout the Pagan Kingdom from 1044 – 1077. The kingdom was supported by household taxes and consequently fell into decline due to over-spending on pagodas. In 1287, Kublai Khan, the grandson of Genghis Khan, ransacked Pagan, ushering in a time of battle that would last for centuries. However, the existence of European nations had little effect on Myanmar until the infringement on the Raj in Bengal. This led directly to the British occupation of the boundaries of these countries. After 60 decades, the British had complete control over Myanmar.
On a positive note, the British occupation transformed Myanmar into the planet’s most notable rice exporter. However, there was also a flood of Chinese and Indian immigrants who frequently appreciated exploiting the Burman people. After the war ended, the Anti-Fascist People’s Freedom League (AFPFL) attempted to gain independence for Myanmar and succeeded in their attempts in 1947. Just three months after, the leader of AFPFL and most of his cabinet have been assassinated.
The status of Myanmar really started to go downhill in 1962 when General Ne Win overthrew the government and started establishing a socialist government. The market crumbled as the black market soared. Many taxpayers lost their status if their ancestors weren’t a part of their”original” Myanmar populations. After the populous had experienced enough, what with all the devaluation of their currency, they revolted with riots and public letters. Eventually, Ne Win stepped down in 1988. Months of turmoil followed with protests, looting and a brutal police force. Thousands died in Yangon and other regions of the country.
Later in 1988, the State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) was made to bring law and order back to Myanmar – Myanmar visa
. In 1993, the SLORC decided a national convention to draft a new constitution to the nation, asking that the army be given a principal government role. The convention was not conducted democratically, hence the members which were also a part of the National League for Democracy (NLD) literally walked away. Despite the nation’s important resources, its own development is hindered today by the always unsettled politics there.